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Ethnic flag

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Title: Ethnic flag  
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Ethnic flag

An ethnic flag is a flag that symbolizes a certain ethnic group. Ethnic flags are often introduced to the ethnic community through the respective cultural or political ethnic movements. They are popular among ethnic minorities and some ethnic majorities, especially in multiethnic countries.

The concept of an "ethnic flag" is a thoroughly modern one, derived from the idea of a national flag. Strictly speaking, the national flags of nation states are also "ethnic flags", and often so used by ethnic minorities in neighbouring states, especially in the context of irredentism (e.g. the flag of the Republic of Albania used as an "ethnic Albanian flag" by Kosovar Albanians).

The first ethnic flags (for non-existing states) were designed at the end of the 19th century, such as the sexuality flags", flags of micronations, etc.

North Africa and West Asia

[3]
Berbers or Amazigh people |date= April 24, 2009}} (North Africa)
Berbers or Amazigh people[2] (North Africa)
Copts (Egypt)
Copts (Egypt)
"The Coptic flag, created in 2005, is not officially recognised by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, but it is commonly accepted by Coptic community as a representative symbol of its identity".
Fur (Darfur)[<i></i>]
Fur (Darfur)
Dinka or Jieng (Southern Sudan)[<i></i>]
Dinka or Jieng (Southern Sudan)
Arabs (Arab World)This is the  of the .
Arabs (Arab World)[note 2]
Palestinians (Palestine)[<i></i>]
Palestinians (Palestine)
DruzeTo be precise, the Druze are a religious and cultural group rather than a distinct ethnic group. (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan)
Druze[note 4] (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan)
Jews (Israel and countries of the diaspora)[<i></i>]
Jews (Israel and countries of the diaspora)
Assyrians (Assyria)
"The Tigris, the Euphrates and the Great Zab".
Aramaic-Syriacs (Middle East)
Aramaic-Syriacs (Middle East)
"The flag chosen by the Aramaeanist faction to represent the Syriac nation is based upon a relief retrieved in Tell Halaf representing a winged sun disk. In the flag, the sun was replaced by a flame symbolizing the Holy Spirit".

Horn of Africa

Somalis |date= June 26, 2006}} The , created by , was designed to represent . (Somalia, Ogaden, Northern Frontier District and Djibouti)
Somalis[5] (Somalia, Ogaden, Northern Frontier District and Djibouti)
Amhara |date= September 13, 2003}} (Amhara Region)
Amhara[7] (Amhara Region)
Afar |date= September 13, 2003}} (Afar Region)
Afar[9] (Afar Region)
Harari |date= June 24, 2006}} (Harari Region)
Harari[11] (Harari Region)
Oromo |date= May 29, 2003}} (Oromia Region, Northern Frontier District and Somalia)
Oromo[13] (Oromia Region, Northern Frontier District and Somalia)
Tigray |date= April 29, 2004}} (Tigray Region)
Tigray[15] (Tigray Region)

Eastern, Central and Western Africa

BaKonjo and BaAmba |date= July 12, 2008}} (Rwenzururu)
BaKonjo and BaAmba[17] (Rwenzururu)
Maasai (Kenya and Tanzania)[<i></i>]
Maasai (Kenya and Tanzania)
Adamawa (Bamileke National Movement) (Cameroon)[<i></i>]
Adamawa (Bamileke National Movement) (Cameroon)
Bubis (Otcho or Bioko Island)[<i></i>]
Bubis (Otcho or Bioko Island)
Kongo (Republic of Congo and DRC)[<i></i>]
Kongo (Republic of Congo and DRC)
Ashanti |date= November 4, 2006}}
                 (Ashanti Region)
Ashanti[19] (Ashanti Region)
Ewe (Ghana, Togo and Benin)[<i></i>]
Ewe (Ghana, Togo and Benin)
Ogoni (Rivers State)[<i></i>]
Ogoni (Rivers State)
Igbo people (Igboland)
Igbo people[21] (Igboland)
Hausa (Niger and Nigeria)[<i></i>]
Hausa (Niger and Nigeria)
Yoruba (Nigeria, Togo and Benin)[<i></i>]
Yoruba (Nigeria, Togo and Benin)

Southern Africa

Swazi (Swaziland, South Africa, and Mozambique)[<i></i>]
Swazi (Swaziland, South Africa, and Mozambique)
Basotho (Lesotho and South Africa)[<i></i>]
Basotho (Lesotho and South Africa)
Afrikaners/Boers}} (South Africa)
Afrikaners/Boers[23] (South Africa)

North America

Anishinaabe people (Canada and United States).
Anishinaabe people (Canada and United States).
Danes of Greenland[<i></i>]
Danes of Greenland
Inuit people of Nunavut (Nunavut, Canada)
Inuit people of Nunavut (Nunavut, Canada)
Inuit people of Greenland (Greenland)
Inuit people of Greenland (Greenland)
Haida (British Columbia, Canada and Alaska, United States)
Haida (British Columbia, Canada and Alaska, United States)
Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Quebec, Canada and Maine, United States)
Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Quebec, Canada and Maine, United States)
Natuaqanek (Eel Ground) First Nation of the Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Canada)
Natuaqanek (Eel Ground) First Nation of the Mi'kmaq (New Brunswick, Canada)
Quebecois, Canada
Quebecois, Canada
Iroquois (New York, United States)
Iroquois (New York, United States)
Crow Tribe (Montana, United States)
Crow Tribe (Montana, United States)
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
}}}border400x100pxBlackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)]]
Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation (Montana, United States)
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (Wyoming, United States)
Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation (Wyoming, United States)
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation (South Dakota, United States)
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation (South Dakota, United States)
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa (Iowa, United States)
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa (Iowa, United States)
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States)
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma (Oklahoma, United States)
Cherokees (Oklahoma, United States)
Cherokees (Oklahoma, United States)
Cajun flag (United States)
Cajun flag[24] (United States)
Vietnamese Americans (United States)
Vietnamese Americans (United States)
Mulattoes (United States, Hispanic America and Brazil)
Mulattoes[26] (United States, Hispanic America and Brazil)
Flag of Hispanic America including also North American Hispanic Americans (Hispanic America and United States)
Flag of Hispanic America including also North American Hispanic Americans (Hispanic America and United States)
Cross of Burgundy flag used by Criollos (Euro-Hispanic Americans (including White Hispanic and Latino Americans of the United States)) (Majority in Argentina, Uruguay, and Costa Rica and significant minority in Chile, Bolivia and other Hispanic nations) (Hispanic America and United States)[<i></i>]
Cross of Burgundy flag used by Criollos (Euro-Hispanic Americans (including White Hispanic and Latino Americans of the United States)) (Majority in Argentina, Uruguay, and Costa Rica and significant minority in Chile, Bolivia and other Hispanic nations) (Hispanic America and United States)
Flag of African-AmericansZnamierowski, p236 (United States)
Flag of African-Americans[24]
(United States)
Métis flag Blue or French variant, Metis people
Métis flag Blue or French variant, Metis people
Métis flag Red or English variant, Metis people
Métis flag Red or English variant, Metis people
Flag of Acadia, Acadians
Flag of Acadia, Acadians

Central America and Caribbean

Flag of Maya (Mexico, Guatemala)
Flag of Maya (Mexico, Guatemala)
Flag of the Jatibonicu Taíno Tribal Nation of Borikén (Puerto Rico)
Flag of the Jatibonicu Taíno Tribal Nation of Borikén (Puerto Rico)
Garifuna (Honduras, Belize, Guatemala)
Garifuna (Honduras, Belize, Guatemala)
Kuna (Panama, Colombia)
Kuna (Panama, Colombia)

South America

Indigenous peoples in Colombia |date= July 3, 2009}} According to FOTW, this flag represent primarily the  or Misak tribe, but it also represents Native peoples of Southwestern Colombia.
Indigenous peoples in Colombia[28]
Quechua |date= June 16, 2007}} The term  is refrered to flags of Inca origin, today used by the Native Andean peoples to represent themselves. (Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador)
Quechua[30] (Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador)
Aymara (Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina)
Aymara (Bolivia, Peru, Chile and Argentina)
Mapuche}} (Chile and Argentina)
Mapuche[32] (Chile and Argentina)

Northern, Central and Eastern Asia

Tuvans}} (Tuva)
Tuvans[34] (Tuva)
Buryats (Buryatia, Russia)
Buryats (Buryatia, Russia)
Yakuts or Sakha (Sakha Republic)[<i></i>]
Yakuts or Sakha (Sakha Republic)
Li and Miao |date= February 10, 2007}} (Hainan)
Li and Miao[36] (Hainan)
Ainu people (Hokkaidō, Kuril Islands and Sakhalin)
Ainu people[38] (Hokkaidō, Kuril Islands and Sakhalin)
Salars (Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai, China)
Salars (Xunhua Salar Autonomous County, Qinghai, China)

Southern Asia

Iraqi Turkmens}} (Turkmeneli)
Iraqi Turkmens[40] (Turkmeneli)
Zazas |date= April 24, 2009}} FOTW shows this banner as the alleged flag of Zazas. Moreover, according to an article published in , signed by Lucien Philippe, the site states that the flag has been used in several ethnic riots until 1980. Finally FOTW shows other three flags that are not supported by any source definable as reliable. (Turkey)
Zazas[42] (Turkey)
Kurds (Kurdistan)
Kurds (Kurdistan)
Yazidis (Iraq)
Yazidis (Iraq)
Azerbaijanis of Southern Azarbaijan[44]
Khuzestani Arabs}} (Khuzestan)
Khuzestani Arabs[46] (Khuzestan)
Pashtuns (Pashtunistan)[<i></i>]
Pashtuns (Pashtunistan)
Balochis |date= April 25, 2008}} There are different variants of the flag used by  to represent their people. (Balochistan)
Balochis[48] (Balochistan)
SindhisSee also the concept of . (Sindh and West India)[<i></i>]
Sindhis[note 6] (Sindh and West India)
Burusho-Hunzakuts |date= June 7, 2008}} (Hunza)
Burusho-Hunzakuts[50] (Hunza)
Kashmiris (Kashmir and Jammu)
Kashmiris (Kashmir and Jammu)
Ladakhis |date= February 14, 2007}} (Ladakh)
Ladakhis[52] (Ladakh)
Muhajir people (Pakistan)
Muhajir people (Pakistan)
Chagossians or Îlois (Chagos Islands and Mauritius)
Chagossians or Îlois[54] (Chagos Islands and Mauritius)
Assamese[<i></i>]
Assamese
Bodos (Bodoland)[<i></i>]
Bodos (Bodoland)
Kannada people (Karnataka)[<i></i>]
Kannada people (Karnataka)
Telugu people (Telangana)[<i></i>]
Telugu people (Telangana)
Malayali people (Kerala)[<i></i>]
Malayali people (Kerala)
Sri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan Tamils
Bnei Menashe (Manipur, Mizoram, Chin State, Southern Sagaing Division and Chittagong Division)This is just one of several flags used by groups that make up this macro-group.
Bnei Menashe (Manipur, Mizoram, Chin State, Southern Sagaing Division and Chittagong Division)[note 8]

Southeastern Asia

Akha |date= August 9, 2008}} (China,Akha are considered part of the  by the government of , though this is a subject of some dispute among the Akha themselves. Burma, Laos and Northern Thailand)
Akha[56] (China,[note 10] Burma, Laos and Northern Thailand)
Khmer Krom}} (Mekong Delta)
Khmer Krom[58] (Mekong Delta)
Acehnese people |date= December 13, 2008}} (Aceh)
Acehnese people[60] (Aceh)
Minangkabau people (West Sumatra, the western part of Riau and Jambi, the western coast of Aceh and North Sumatra, the northern part of Bengkulu, and Negeri Sembilan)
Minangkabau people (West Sumatra, the western part of Riau and Jambi, the western coast of Aceh and North Sumatra, the northern part of Bengkulu, and Negeri Sembilan)

Melanesia

KanakZnamierowski, p238 (Kanaky)
Kanak[61] (Kanaky)
Torres Strait Islanders (Torres Strait Islands, Australia)
Torres Strait Islanders (Torres Strait Islands, Australia)

Australasia and Polynesia

Australian Aborigines (Australia)
Australian Aborigines (Australia)
"The Australian Aboriginal flag, created by Harold Thomas in 1971, was first flown as a symbol of protest, becoming then the emblem of the Indigenous peoples of Australia. In 1995 (and then in 2008), this flag was officially recognized and proclaimed as one of the national flags of Australia under the Flags Act 1953.[64] Each color has a peculiar symbolism: black represents the people, red represents the land and the yellow disc represents the Sun[65]".
Moriori of Chatham Islands
Moriori of Chatham Islands[67]".
Native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli |date= February 12, 2001}} (Hawaii)
Native Hawaiians or Kanaka Maoli[69] (Hawaii)
Tahitians and some other Indigenous Peoples of French Polynesia
Tahitians and some other Indigenous Peoples of French Polynesia
Indigenous Peoples of Austral Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Austral Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Marquesas Islands
Indigenous Peoples of Marquesas Islands
Rapanui (Easter Island)
Rapanui (Easter Island)

Northern Europe

Faroese (Faroe Islands)
Faroese (Faroe Islands)
Orcadians (Orkney Islands)
Orcadians (Orkney Islands)
Shetlanders (Shetland)
Shetlanders (Shetland)
Scots (Scotland)
Scots (Scotland)
Irish (Island of Ireland)
Irish (Island of Ireland)
Welsh or Cymry (Wales or Cymru)
Welsh or Cymry (Wales or Cymru)
Cornish  (Cornwall)
Cornish [70] (Cornwall)
Manx (Isle of Man)
Manx (Isle of Man)
Bretons Znamierowski, p237 (Brittany)
Bretons [70] (Brittany)
Normans |date= June 14, 2003}} (Normandy)
Normans[72] (Normandy)
Walloons (Wallonia)
Walloons (Wallonia)
Flemish (Flanders)
Flemish (Flanders)
West Frisians (Friesland and Province of Groningen)
West Frisians (Friesland and Province of Groningen)
East Frisians (East Frisia)
East Frisians (East Frisia)
North Frisians (North Frisia)
North Frisians (North Frisia)
Inter-Frisian Flag of the Interfrisian Council
Inter-Frisian Flag of the Interfrisian Council
"The Inter-Frisian Flag (Ynterfryske Flagge), not accepted by the Inter-Frisian Council, was launched by the Groep fan Auwerk to represent the four regions make up Frisia: Friesland and the Province of Groningen in the Netherlands and East Frisia and North Frisia in Germany".
English (England)
English (England)
Germans of Northern Schleswig[<i></i>]
Germans of Northern Schleswig
Danes of Southern Schleswig[<i></i>]
Danes of Southern Schleswig
Finland-Swedes The  appears on some stamps issued by the  in 1922. (Åland Islands, Ostrobothnia, Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa)
Finland-Swedes[74] (Åland Islands, Ostrobothnia, Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa)
Sweden-Finns (Eastern Svealand)
Sweden-Finns (Eastern Svealand)
Sami peopleZnamierowski, p237 (Sápmi)
Sami people[70] (Sápmi)
"The Sami flag, inaugurated during the 13th Nordic Sami Conference in Åre, Sweden, on 15 August 1986, was created by Astrid Båhl (se). It is based upon a previous project by Synnøve Persenthe and upon the poem "Paiven parneh" ("Sons of the Sun"), written by Anders Fjellner, describing the Sami as sons and daughters of the sun".
Tornedalians |date= July 13, 2007}} (Meänmaa)
Tornedalians[76] (Meänmaa)
Karelians |date= September 12, 2009}} |date= September 12, 2009}} (Republic of Karelia, Tver Oblast and Novgorod Oblast)
Karelians[79][80] (Republic of Karelia, Tver Oblast and Novgorod Oblast)
Veps |date= April 14, 2007}} (Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast)
Veps[82] (Karelia, Leningrad Oblast and Vologda Oblast)
Ingrians}} |date= April 14, 2007}} (Leningrad Oblast)
Ingrians[85][86] (Leningrad Oblast)
Izhorians (Leningrad Oblast)
Izhorians (Leningrad Oblast)
Votes (Leningrad Oblast and Estonia)
Votes[88] (Leningrad Oblast and Estonia)
Setos}} (Setomaa)
Setos[90] (Setomaa)
Võros (Võrumaa) older version
Võros (Võrumaa) older version
Võros (Võrumaa) since February 2013
Võros (Võrumaa) since February 2013
Livonians |date= February 18, 2006}} (Livonia and Curlandia)
Livonians[92] (Livonia and Curlandia)

Central Europe

Czechs (/Bohemians) (Bohemia)
Czechs (/Bohemians) (Bohemia)
Germans of Belgium |date= January 17, 2009}} (Eastern part of the province of Liège)
Germans of Belgium[94] (Eastern part of the province of Liège)
Luxembourgers (Luxembourg, Belgium, France and Germany)
Luxembourgers (Luxembourg, Belgium, France and Germany) [96]
Alsatians  (Alsace)[<i></i>]
Alsatians (Alsace)
Tyroleans of South Tyrol
Tyroleans of South Tyrol
Kashubians (Pomerelia)
Kashubians[70] (Pomerelia)
Sorbs (Lusatia)
Sorbs[61] (Lusatia)
Silesians (Silesia)[<i></i>]
Silesians (Silesia)
Moravians  (Moravia)[<i></i>]
Moravians (Moravia)

Southwestern Europe

Canarians[98] (Canary Islands)
Galicians (Galicia)
Galicians (Galicia)
Asturians (Asturias)
Asturians (Asturias)
Basques (Basque Country, Navarre and Iparralde)
Basques (Basque Country, Navarre and Iparralde)
Castilians (Castile, La Mancha and La Rioja)[<i></i>]
Castilians (Castile, La Mancha and La Rioja)
Aragonese The Statute defines Aragonese People as an
Aragonese[100] (Aragon)
Valencians (Valencian Community and El Carche)
Valencians (Valencian Community and El Carche)
Balearics (Balearic Islands)
Balearics (Balearic Islands)
Catalans (Catalonia, La Franja and Northern Catalonia)
Catalans (Catalonia, La Franja and Northern Catalonia)
Occitans |date= December 26, 2009}} (Occitania)
Occitans[102] (Occitania)
Corsicans (Corsica)
Corsicans (Corsica)
Arpitans |date= December 20, 1999}} (Arpitania)
Arpitans[103] (Arpitania)
Savoyards (Savoy)
Savoyards (Savoy)
Ladinia (Some valleys in Northeastern Italy)
Ladinia[103] (Some valleys in Northeastern Italy)
Maltese (Malta)
Maltese (Malta)

Southeastern Europe

Serbs (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,http://www.skdprosvjeta.com/news.php?id=66 Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia)
Serbs (Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia,[105] Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia)
Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonians  |location=Princeton, New Jersey |isbn=978-0-691-04356-2 |pages=164}} (Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria)
Macedonians [107] (Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria)
Bosniaks of Sandžak |date= March 18–19, 2005}}
Bosniaks of Sandžak[109]
Bosniaks of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosniaks of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Pomaks (Bulgaria, Greece)
Pomaks (Bulgaria, Greece)
Albanians (Albania, Kosovo, Western part of the Republic of Macedonia, Epirus and Arbëria)
Albanians (Albania, Kosovo, Western part of the Republic of Macedonia, Epirus[110] and Arbëria)
Greeks (Greece, Cyprus, Albania)
Greeks (Greece, Cyprus, Albania)

Eastern Europe, Caucasia and Anatolia

Rusyns (Carpathian Ruthenia)
Rusyns[112] (Carpathian Ruthenia)
Gagauzes (Gagauzia)[<i></i>]
Gagauzes (Gagauzia)
Crimean Tatars}} (Crimea, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Dobruja)
Crimean Tatars[114] (Crimea, Turkey, Uzbekistan and Dobruja)
Lipka Tatars (Belarus, Lithuania and Poland)[<i></i>]
Lipka Tatars (Belarus, Lithuania and Poland)
Komis (Komi Republic)
Komis (Komi Republic)
Maris (Mari El)
Maris (Mari El)
Erzyans |date= February 2, 2002}} (Mordovia, Samara Oblast and Tataristan)
Erzyans[116] (Mordovia, Samara Oblast and Tataristan)
Mordvins (Mordovia)
Mordvins (Mordovia)
Udmurts (Udmurtia)
Udmurts (Udmurtia)
Chuvashes (Chuvashia)
Chuvashes (Chuvashia)
Volga Tatars (Tatarstan and the historical region of Idel-Ural; Ryazan Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Astrakhan Oblast Kazakhstan and Central Asia)
Volga Tatars (Tatarstan and the historical region of Idel-Ural; Ryazan Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Astrakhan Oblast Kazakhstan and Central Asia)
Bashkirs (Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast and Orenburg Oblast)
Bashkirs (Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast and Orenburg Oblast)
Don Cossacks (southern Russia)[<i></i>]
Don Cossacks (southern Russia)
Circassians: Adyghe, Cherkess and Kabardins}} (Adyghea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Middle East)
Circassians: Adyghe, Cherkess and Kabardins[118] (Adyghea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Middle East)
Abazins (Abazinia)
Abazins (Abazinia)
Abkhazians}} (Abkhazia and Turkey)
Abkhazians[120] (Abkhazia and Turkey)
Balkars (Kabardino-Balkaria)
Balkars (Kabardino-Balkaria)
Karachays (Karachay–Cherkessia)[<i></i>]
Karachays (Karachay–Cherkessia)
Ossetians (South Ossetia and North Ossetia–Alania)
Ossetians (South Ossetia and North Ossetia–Alania)
Ingush (Ingushetia, Eastern part of Prigorodny District, Chechnya and Turkey)
Ingush (Ingushetia, Eastern part of Prigorodny District, Chechnya and Turkey)
Chechens (Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan)
Chechens (Chechnya, Ingushetia and Dagestan)
Kalmyks (Kalmykia)
Kalmyks (Kalmykia)
Kumyks |date= January 8, 2003}} (Dagestan)
Kumyks[122] (Dagestan)
Lezgins (Dagestan and Azerbaijan)
Lezgins[124] (Dagestan and Azerbaijan)
Meskhetians |date= January 30, 2010}}[<i></i>][<i></i>] (Samtskhe-Javakheti, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Kyrgyzstan)
Meskhetians[126] (Samtskhe-Javakheti, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Krasnodar Krai, Turkey and Kyrgyzstan)
Adjarians |date= April 24, 2010}} (Adjaria, Guria, Kvemo Kartli, Kakheti and Northeastern Turkey)
Adjarians[128] (Adjaria, Guria, Kvemo Kartli, Kakheti and Northeastern Turkey)
Greeks of Pontus[<i></i>]
Greeks of Pontus
Romani people (Europe and Brazil) “The Romani flag (O Styago le Romengo), approved during the first World Romani Congress, was created by the General Union of the Roma of Romania (Uniunea Generala a Romilor din Romania), in 1933. The flag contains a red Chakra, in the centre, representing the migratory heritage of the Romani people”.
Romani people[70] (Europe and Brazil)
“The Romani flag (O Styago le Romengo), approved during the first World Romani Congress, was created by the General Union of the Roma of Romania (Uniunea Generala a Romilor din Romania), in 1933. The flag contains a red Chakra, in the centre, representing the migratory heritage of the Romani people”.
Yiddish originally[<i></i>] from Central and Eastern Europe
Yiddish originally from Central and Eastern Europe

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This is the flag of the Arab Revolt.
  2. ^ This is the flag of the Arab Revolt.
  3. ^ To be precise, the Druze are a religious and cultural group rather than a distinct ethnic group.
  4. ^ To be precise, the Druze are a religious and cultural group rather than a distinct ethnic group.
  5. ^ See also the concept of Sindhudesh.
  6. ^ See also the concept of Sindhudesh.
  7. ^ This is just one of several flags used by groups that make up this macro-group.
  8. ^ This is just one of several flags used by groups that make up this macro-group.
  9. ^ Akha are considered part of the Hani by the government of People's Republic of China, though this is a subject of some dispute among the Akha themselves.
  10. ^ Akha are considered part of the Hani by the government of People's Republic of China, though this is a subject of some dispute among the Akha themselves.

Citations

  1. ^ "Berbers".  
  2. ^ "Berbers".  
  3. ^ Smith, Whitney. "Flag of Israel". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "History of the flag".   The Flag of Somalia, created by Mohammed Awale Liban, was designed to represent pan-Somali territories.
  5. ^ "History of the flag".   The Flag of Somalia, created by Mohammed Awale Liban, was designed to represent pan-Somali territories.
  6. ^ "Amhara (Ethiopia)".  
  7. ^ "Amhara (Ethiopia)".  
  8. ^ "Afar (Ethiopia)".  
  9. ^ "Afar (Ethiopia)".  
  10. ^ "Harari (Ethiopia)".  
  11. ^ "Harari (Ethiopia)".  
  12. ^ "Oromo traditional colours".  
  13. ^ "Oromo traditional colours".  
  14. ^ "Tigray (Ethiopia)".  
  15. ^ "Tigray (Ethiopia)".  
  16. ^ "Bakonjo People".  
  17. ^ "Bakonjo People".  
  18. ^ "Ashanti People".  
  19. ^ "Ashanti People".  
  20. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 762.  
  21. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 762.  
  22. ^ "Afrikaner".  
  23. ^ "Afrikaner".  
  24. ^ a b c d Znamierowski, p236
  25. ^ Miller, Richard. "From History to Destiny". The Mulatto People. Archived from the original on February 15, 2001. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  26. ^ Miller, Richard. "From History to Destiny". The Mulatto People. Archived from the original on February 15, 2001. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Native Peoples of Colombia".   According to FOTW, this flag represent primarily the Guambiano or Misak tribe, but it also represents Native peoples of Southwestern Colombia.
  28. ^ "Native Peoples of Colombia".   According to FOTW, this flag represent primarily the Guambiano or Misak tribe, but it also represents Native peoples of Southwestern Colombia.
  29. ^ "Inca (Quechua/Aymara) people".   The term Wiphala is refrered to flags of Inca origin, today used by the Native Andean peoples to represent themselves.
  30. ^ "Inca (Quechua/Aymara) people".   The term Wiphala is refrered to flags of Inca origin, today used by the Native Andean peoples to represent themselves.
  31. ^ "Mapuche".  
  32. ^ "Mapuche".  
  33. ^ "Tuva".  
  34. ^ "Tuva".  
  35. ^ "Hainan".  
  36. ^ "Hainan".  
  37. ^ Poisson, Barbara Aoki (2002). The Ainu of Japan. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications.  
  38. ^ Poisson, Barbara Aoki (2002). The Ainu of Japan. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications.  
  39. ^ "Iraqi Turkmen".  
  40. ^ "Iraqi Turkmen".  
  41. ^ "Zazaistan".   FOTW shows this banner as the alleged flag of Zazas. Moreover, according to an article published in Le Monde, signed by Lucien Philippe, the site states that the flag has been used in several ethnic riots until 1980. Finally FOTW shows other three flags that are not supported by any source definable as reliable.
  42. ^ "Zazaistan".   FOTW shows this banner as the alleged flag of Zazas. Moreover, according to an article published in Le Monde, signed by Lucien Philippe, the site states that the flag has been used in several ethnic riots until 1980. Finally FOTW shows other three flags that are not supported by any source definable as reliable.
  43. ^ Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
  44. ^ Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
  45. ^ "Ahwazi".  
  46. ^ "Ahwazi".  
  47. ^ "Flag of the Baloch people".   There are different variants of the flag used by Baloch independentists to represent their people.
  48. ^ "Flag of the Baloch people".   There are different variants of the flag used by Baloch independentists to represent their people.
  49. ^ "Hunza".  
  50. ^ "Hunza".  
  51. ^ "Ladakh".  
  52. ^ "Ladakh".  
  53. ^ "Chagossians at UNO". chagos.org. January 30, 2003. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Chagossians at UNO". chagos.org. January 30, 2003. Retrieved June 20, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Akha People".  
  56. ^ "Akha People".  
  57. ^ "Khmer Krom".  
  58. ^ "Khmer Krom".  
  59. ^ "Free Aceh Movement".  
  60. ^ "Free Aceh Movement".  
  61. ^ a b c d Znamierowski, p238
  62. ^ "Proclamation under the Flags Act 1953". ComLaw — Commonwealth of Australia Law. January 25, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  63. ^ "Harold Thomas – Creator of the Aboriginal Flag".  
  64. ^ "Proclamation under the Flags Act 1953". ComLaw — Commonwealth of Australia Law. January 25, 2008. Retrieved April 20, 2010. 
  65. ^ "Harold Thomas – Creator of the Aboriginal Flag".  
  66. ^ "Denise Davis: Moriori. Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Solomon, Māui. Retrieved June 9, 2006. 
  67. ^ "Denise Davis: Moriori. Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Solomon, Māui. Retrieved June 9, 2006. 
  68. ^ Original' flag raises debate"'".  
  69. ^ Original' flag raises debate"'".  
  70. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Znamierowski, p237
  71. ^ "Mouvement Normand".  
  72. ^ "Mouvement Normand".  
  73. ^ "Svenska Brevmärken 1922" (in Swedish). Svenska Centralarkivet. Retrieved April 5, 2010.  The flag of Finland-Swedes appears on some stamps issued by the Swedish People's Party in 1922.
  74. ^ "Svenska Brevmärken 1922" (in Swedish). Svenska Centralarkivet. Retrieved April 5, 2010.  The flag of Finland-Swedes appears on some stamps issued by the Swedish People's Party in 1922.
  75. ^ "Meänkieliset ottavat käyttöön Meän maan lipun" (in Finnish).  
  76. ^ "Meänkieliset ottavat käyttöön Meän maan lipun" (in Finnish).  
  77. ^ "East Karelia".  
  78. ^ "Lyydi people".  
  79. ^ "East Karelia".  
  80. ^ "Lyydi people".  
  81. ^ "Vepsia".  
  82. ^ "Vepsia".  
  83. ^ "Inkeri".  
  84. ^ "Ingria".  
  85. ^ "Inkeri".  
  86. ^ "Ingria".  
  87. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2018.  
  88. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2018.  
  89. ^ "In pictures: The Seto people — Anthem and flag".  
  90. ^ "In pictures: The Seto people — Anthem and flag".  
  91. ^ "Livonian People".  
  92. ^ "Livonian People".  
  93. ^ "German-speaking Community (Belgium)".  
  94. ^ "German-speaking Community (Belgium)".  
  95. ^ "The Red Lion is the Civil Ensign of the Gran Duchy of Luxemburg. In 2006, the banner was proposed as the new national flag. On 6 July 2007, the Government of Luxembourg refused the proposal, but, at the same time, established the equal status of this flag and the Official Tricolor. Instead, in the Belgian province of Luxemburg, the Red Lion has not an official status, but it (with a different shade of blue) is of common use: it is used even by the Provincial Council on public buildings or in official occurrences". http://www.province.luxembourg.be/provlux/provlux_fr_profils_province_lux/l-institution-provinciale/blason-palais-logo-drapeau-et-chant-provincial/drapeau/drapeau.htm http://www.gouvernement.lu/dossiers/viepol/drapeau/index.html
  96. ^ "The Red Lion is the Civil Ensign of the Gran Duchy of Luxemburg. In 2006, the banner was proposed as the new national flag. On 6 July 2007, the Government of Luxembourg refused the proposal, but, at the same time, established the equal status of this flag and the Official Tricolor. Instead, in the Belgian province of Luxemburg, the Red Lion has not an official status, but it (with a different shade of blue) is of common use: it is used even by the Provincial Council on public buildings or in official occurrences". http://www.province.luxembourg.be/provlux/provlux_fr_profils_province_lux/l-institution-provinciale/blason-palais-logo-drapeau-et-chant-provincial/drapeau/drapeau.htm http://www.gouvernement.lu/dossiers/viepol/drapeau/index.html
  97. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Canarias" (in Spanish). Gobierno de Canarias. Retrieved June 13, 2010.  The flag, which was made official by the Organic Law 10/82 on 16 August 1982, is based upon the original design attributed to Carmen Sarmiento, Jesús Cantero and Arturo Cantero and adopted by the Canarias Libre movement in 1961.
  98. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Canarias" (in Spanish). Gobierno de Canarias. Retrieved June 13, 2010.  The flag, which was made official by the Organic Law 10/82 on 16 August 1982, is based upon the original design attributed to Carmen Sarmiento, Jesús Cantero and Arturo Cantero and adopted by the Canarias Libre movement in 1961.
  99. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Aragón" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de Aragón. April 23, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2010.  The Statute defines Aragonese People as an "historical nationality".
  100. ^ "Estatuto de Autonomía de Aragón" (in Spanish). Boletín Oficial de Aragón. April 23, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2010.  The Statute defines Aragonese People as an "historical nationality".
  101. ^ "Occitania".  
  102. ^ "Occitania".  
  103. ^ a b c d "Legge 15 Dicembre 1999, n. 482 - Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche" (in Italian).  
  104. ^ http://www.skdprosvjeta.com/news.php?id=66
  105. ^ http://www.skdprosvjeta.com/news.php?id=66
  106. ^  
  107. ^  
  108. ^ "Symbols of the Bosniaks of Sandžak".  
  109. ^ "Symbols of the Bosniaks of Sandžak".  
  110. ^ a b Vickers, Miranda (2007), The Cham Issue — Where to Now?, ARAG Balkan Series, Swindon, United Kingdom: Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, p. 21,  
  111. ^ "Rusyn Symbols". Academy of Rusyn Culture in the Slovak Republic. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  112. ^ "Rusyn Symbols". Academy of Rusyn Culture in the Slovak Republic. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  113. ^ "Crimean Tatars".  
  114. ^ "Crimean Tatars".  
  115. ^ "Erzian ethnic flag".  
  116. ^ "Erzian ethnic flag".  
  117. ^ "Circassia".  
  118. ^ "Circassia".  
  119. ^ "Abkhazia".  
  120. ^ "Abkhazia".  
  121. ^ "Flags of daghestanian ethnic groups".  
  122. ^ "Flags of daghestanian ethnic groups".  
  123. ^ История Лезгинского народа (in Russian). Lezgini Kultuuriühing Eestis. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  124. ^ История Лезгинского народа (in Russian). Lezgini Kultuuriühing Eestis. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  125. ^ "Meshtekistan".  
  126. ^ "Meshtekistan".  
  127. ^ "Ajaria".  
  128. ^ "Ajaria".  

Bibliography and references

External links

Northern Africa

Western Africa

Middle Africa

Southern Asia

Notes and citations for external links

  1. ^ A flag of Hausa people was proposed in 1966. It is a banner with five horizontal stripes: red, yellow, indigo blue, green, and khaki beige.
  2. ^ "Asia: flags of the ethnic minorities and stateless nations". Encyclopædia Heraldica. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  3. ^ Goodrick-Clarke, Nicholas, Hitler's Priestess: Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth, and Neo-Nazism (New York University Press, 1998, hardcover: ISBN 0-8147-3110-4, paperback: ISBN 0-8147-3111-2 Plate 3, between Pages 80 and 81, shows a picture of the Hindi ethnic flag (“Pan Hindu National Flag”)
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