World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Robert Mann (Illinois)

Article Id: WHEBN0002175481
Reproduction Date:

Title: James Robert Mann (Illinois)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 62nd United States Congress, Mann Act, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Peace dollar, Balance of power (Parliament)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

James Robert Mann (Illinois)

James Robert Mann
House Minority Leader
In office
1911–1919
Preceded by Champ Clark
Succeeded by Champ Clark
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1903 – November 30, 1922
Preceded by John J. Feely
Succeeded by Morton D. Hull
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1903
Preceded by J. Frank Aldrich
Succeeded by Martin Emerich
Personal details
Born (1856-10-20)October 20, 1856
Bloomington, Illinois
Died November 30, 1922(1922-11-30) (aged 66)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Alma mater University of Illinois at Urbana
James Mann (right) with Speaker of the House Champ Clark.
1911–1919

James Robert Mann (October 20, 1856 – November 30, 1922) was an American legislator and U.S. Representative from Illinois, 1897–1922. He was a member of the Republican party, and served as House Minority Leader from 1911 to 1919.[1]

Early life

James Robert Mann was born near Bloomington, McLean County, Illinois on October 20, 1856. His older brother was Frank Irving Mann (1854-1937) farmer, editor of the Prairie Farmer news publication, and author of The Farmers Creed.

James attended University of Illinois at Urbana and graduated in 1876. He graduated from Union College of Law in 1881 and became a lawyer in Chicago. Mann held several local political offices before serving in the House of Representatives.

Professional life

He was admitted to the Illinois bar in 1881 and commenced his practice in Chicago. He held several local offices before being elected as a congressman:

  • Member of the Oakland Board of Education in Chicago (1887)
  • Attorney for Hyde Park and the South Park commissioners of Chicago
  • Chairman of the Illinois State Republican convention (1894)
  • Member of the City Council of Chicago (1892–1896)
  • Master in chancery of the Superior Court of Cook County
  • Chairman of the Republican county conventions at Chicago (1895, 1902)
  • Elected as Republican (1896) to the 55th Congress with 13 successive terms

Service in the House

  • Chairman, Committee on Elections No. 1 (58th – 60th Congresses)
  • Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (61st Congress)
  • Committee on Women Suffrage (66th Congress)
  • Minority Leader (62nd – 65th Congresses)

Notable legislation

Congressman Mann was one of the sponsors of the Mann-Elkins Act, which gave more power to the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate railroad rates. He is probably best known for his authorship of the Mann Act of 1910, which was a reaction to the "white slavery" issue and prohibited transportation of women between states for purposes of prostitution. He introduced legislation that became the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906.

He was considered to be a leader in the cause of amending the United States Constitution to grant suffrage to women. However, he was quoted as saying, "'They should have been at home where they belonged,' referring to the women in the pageant."[2] He was a leading opponent of the Harrison Act and Prohibition, despite the popularity of such legislation amongst his fellow Midwestern progressives.

Death

Congressman Mann died in Washington, D.C. of pneumonia on November 30, 1922 at age 66 before the close of the 67th United States Congress.[1] He was interred in Oak Woods Cemetery in Chicago.

References

  1. ^ a b "James R. Mann Dies in Washington Home After Week's Illness, Ending in Pneumonia".  
  2. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0112.html#article

Additional information

  • Ellis, L. Ethan. “James Robert Mann: Legislator Extraordinary”. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 46 (Spring 1953): 28-44.
  • Extended bibliography – United States Congress website

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress document "MANN, James Robert".

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
J. Frank Aldrich
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 1st congressional district

1897-1903
Succeeded by
Martin Emerich
Preceded by
John J. Feely
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 2nd congressional district

1903-1922
Succeeded by
Morton D. Hull
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from iCloud eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.