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Martin Ennals

Martin Ennals
Born (1927-07-27)27 July 1927
Walsall, Staffordshire, England
Died 5 October 1991(1991-10-05) (aged 64)
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
Nationality British
Organization Amnesty International
Title Secretary General
Predecessor Eric Baker
Successor Thomas Hammarberg
Awards Gandhi Peace Award

Martin Ennals (27 July 1927 – 5 October 1991) was a ARTICLE 19, followed by International Alert in 1985.

During Ennals's tenure as Secretary General, Amnesty International was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the Erasmus Prize, and the UN Human Rights Award.[1]


  • Early life and career 1
  • Award 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Early life and career

Born in 1927 in Anti-Apartheid Movement, and also become Secretary General of the National Council for Civil Liberties, a position that he held until 1966, when he become Information and Publications Officer of the Commission for Racial Equality.[2]

Ennals's elder brother, David Ennals was a British politician who served as Secretary of State for Social Services.


The Human Rights Watch, Frontline, International Commission of Jurists, HURIDOCS, etc.[3]

The Martin Ennals Award is considered the award of the whole human rights movement. It is known as "the Nobel prize for human rights" (Le Monde), "the world prize of human rights" (El Pais"), etc. The Annual Ceremony organised with the City of Geneva is an event with world Internet and TV coverage. The most recent ceremony took place at the Victoria Hall in Geneva on 13 October 2011.[3]

Non-profit organization positions}
Preceded by
Eric Baker
Secretary-General of Amnesty International
Succeeded by
Thomas Hammarberg

See also


  1. ^ "Martin Ennals: A Giant Human Rights Defender". Martin Ennals Award. 
  2. ^ David P. Forsyth, "Encyclopedia of Human Rights", Oxford University Press
  3. ^ a b "Welcome to Martin Ennals Awards - MEA". 2014-05-16. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 

External links

  • Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders
  • Human rights defenders from Iran and Zimbabwe receive Martin Ennals Award 2006, presented by Louise Arbour, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
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