World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sons of the Revolution

Article Id: WHEBN0014959349
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sons of the Revolution  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charles C. Krulak, James Stewart, Carter Harrison, Jr., George Dewey, Green-Wood Cemetery, Henry E. Huntington, Lamar Alexander, List of hereditary and lineage organizations, Harry E. Yarnell, Fraunces Tavern
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Sons of the Revolution

Sons of the Revolution (SR) is a hereditary fraternal organization which was founded in 1876 and educates the public about the American Revolution. The General Society Sons of the Revolution is the SR's national organization and is a Pennsylvania non-profit corporation.[1][2] Located at Williamsburg, Virginia, it is governed by a board of managers, an executive committee, officers, standing committees and their members, and staff. The general society includes 28 state societies and 14 chapters in the United States, as well as societies in France and Mexico.[3] It describes its purpose as:
"[T]o perpetuate the memory of the men, who in the military, naval and civil service of the Colonies and of the Continental Congress by their acts or counsel, achieved the Independence of the Country, and to further the proper celebration of the anniversaries of the birthday of Washington, and of prominent events connected with the War of the Revolution; to collect and secure for preservation the rolls, records, and other documents relating to that period; to inspire the members of the Society with the patriotic spirit of the forefathers; to promote the feeling of friendship among them."[4]

Sons of the Revolution should not be confused with Sons of the American Revolution (SAR), a separate organization which was founded on April 30, 1889 at New York by the New Jersey businessman William Osborn McDowell. He disagreed with the Sons of the Revolution requirement of the time that other state societies be subordinate to the founding New York society. In addition, McDowell intended to include a wider base of members by recognizing additional types of public service of a revolutionary ancestor beyond military service during the Revolution.[5]

Membership

Today SR membership is open to:

"Any male person above the age of eighteen years, of good character, and a descendant of one who, as a military, naval, or marine officer, soldier, sailor or marine, in actual service, under the authority of the original thirteen Colonies or States or of the Continental Congress, and remaining always loyal to such authority, or a descendant of one who signed the Declaration of Independence, or of one who, as a member of the Continental Congress or of the Congress of any of the Colonies or States, or as an official appointed by or under the authority of any such legislative bodies, actually assisted in the establishment of American Independence by services rendered during the War of Revolution, becoming thereby liable to conviction of treason, against the government of Great Britain, but remaining always loyal to the authority of the Colonies or States, or who served honorably in a military or naval expedition against the British during the War of the Revolution under the authority of the French or Spanish governments...."[4]

Junior, senior and life memberships are also available. Members receive benefits[6][7] which include:

  • Invitation to general-society, state-society and chapter events, including the triennial meetings and the annual Let Freedom Ring celebrations;
  • Issues of the general-society quarterly Drumbeat newsletter and the semiannual Flintlock & Powderhorn magazine; and
  • Availability of accoutrements, including membership certificate, rosette, formal and informal insignia, and other regalia.

History

Founding

Sons of the Revolution was founded on February 22, 1876 at New York, primarily by leading members of The Society of the Cincinnati and the businessman John Austin Stevens. He disagreed with Society of the Cincinnati requirements limiting membership to the eldest male descendants based on the rules of primogeniture. He intended to have SR include members by recognizing any descendant of a revolutionary ancestor.[8] Stevens held a preliminary meeting on December 18, 1875 at the New-York Historical Society at New York.[9] At a second meeting held in January 1876, the first SR constitution was adopted and a flier which invited members was published.

The fledgling group languished for several years until December 4, 1883 when it held an elaborate "turtle feast" dinner was held in the Long Room of Fraunces Tavern. Located in the historic tavern in lower Manhattan, the banquet was to commemorate the centennial of the dinner and speech of U.S. Gen. George Washington where he bade farewell to his officers of the Continental Army in the room.[10][11][12][13] The 1883 dinner helped recruit 40 new members, and the group was reorganized as the Sons of the Revolution in the State of New York Inc. In the early years after the reorganization, Society of the Cincinnati President-General Hamilton Fish gave much support and encouragement to the New York society. He referred often to its members as the "younger brothers of the Cincinnati."

General Society formation

Recognizing that SR members from states other than New York might form state societies in their states, the group's officers amended its constitution in 1884 to provide that state societies may organize as "auxiliary branches." Consequently, the Pennsylvania society was formed in 1888, and the District of Columbia society was formed in 1889.

The General Society constitution was proposed on February 12, 1890 in Philadelphia and adopted on March 8, 1890 in New York. Members of the three state societies held a meeting on April 19, 1890 in Washington to inaugurate the General Society. In the next few years, several more state societies were formed and the General Society developed a more national character.

Activities

The General Society and state societies offer patriotic, historical and educational activities for its members and the public. In addition to various dinners, exhibits and holiday events, the societies produce the following specific activities. Several state societies own and operate historic buildings.

Triennial general meetings

Since its founding, the General Society has held triennial meetings of the membership. The 41st meeting was held on October 4 through 7, 2012 in Savannah, GA., by the Georgia society.

Citizen awards

The General Society has established various citizen awards, given to individuals and state societies for their work to continue the SR mission and honor the memory of the participants of the Revolution. The awards include the Modern Patriot Award, the Patrick Henry Award, the Jay Harris Award, the Richard Farmer Hess Leadership Award, the Trent Trophy, the Membership Achievement Award and the Presidential Commendation of Merit.

The 2012 Modern Patriot Award, symbolized by a Paul Revere bowl, was presented to Janet Uhlar of Rhode Island.[14]

Fraunces Tavern

Main article: Fraunces Tavern

Since 1904, the New York SR society has owned an operated the Fraunces Tavern as a museum and restaurant. They restored the building, which had a prominent place in pre-Revolution and Revolution history. The society claims the tavern is Manhattan's oldest surviving building.[15]

The building served also as the offices of the General Society until 2002, when the society headquarters moved to its current location in Independence, Missouri. The museum maintains several galleries of art and artifacts about the Revolution, including the McEntee "Sons of the Revolution" Gallery that displays much of the SR history.[16]

Green End Fort

The Rhode Island society has maintained Green End Fort since 1969 when its owner, Newport Historical Society, "expressed hope that the Sons would 'maintain the Fort as a memorial and eventually acquire the property.'" The fort was built in 1777 by British troops at the Village of Green's End near Middletown, R.I. as part of the defenses of Newport.[17]

Grave-marker and wreath placements


Several state societies have placed SR markers and wreaths at the graves of identified revolutionary patriots; for instance, the Massachusetts society placed markers at the graves of Samuel Adams and James Otis Jr., which are located in the Granary Burying Ground at Boston. The General Society joined the Georgia society in 2005 to place a wreath at the re-interment of U.S. Brig. Gen. Casimir Pulaski in Savannah, Ga.[18]

"Let Freedom Ring" celebrations

Since July 4, 1969, the Pennsylvania society has sponsored "Let Freedom Ring," the nationwide celebration of those who helped achieve the nation's independence during the Revolution.[19][20][21] According to U.S. Senate Concurrent Resolution 25 of 1963, bells across the nation are rung 13 times at exactly 2:00 p.m. EDT in honor of the 13 original states represented by the signers of the Declaration of Independence. At the appointed hour, four young descendants of the signers tap Philadelphia's famous Liberty Bell, setting off the chimes of freedom from bell towers throughout the nation. A series of related patriotic festivities take place in the Independence Hall area, including a colorful parade of Revolutionary War flags, fifes and drums, and a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the Revolutionary War at Washington Square.[22]

Military awards

The General Society and several state societies have established various educational and military awards, which are given to individuals and groups for their academic or service performance. The awards include the Annapolis Cup, which was created in 1905 and given annually by the general society and the Maryland society to a U.S. Naval Academy midshipman;[23] the Knox Trophy (New York), which was created in 1910 and given annually by the New York society to a U.S. Military Academy at West Point cadet;[24] the Capt. Gustavus Conyngham Award which was created in 1999 and given annually by the New York society to a U.S. Merchant Marine Academy at Kings Point midshipman;[24] the Recognition Award, which was created in 2002 and given annually by the Massachusetts society to a U.S. Army ROTC cadet;[25] and the Knox Trophy (Massachusetts), which was created in 1924 and given annually until 1940 by the Massachusetts society to a U.S. Army field-artillery battery and "redleg" artillery operator.[26]

Evacuation Day observances

The New York society has organized infrequent Evacuation Day observances of the anniversary of the British departure on November 25, 1783 from New York after the Revolution. After a controversial New York Police Department denial on May 21, 2008[27] of a New York society application for a parade permit, officials accepted the application on July 30, 2008[28] for society members to march down Broadway from New York City Hall to Battery Park, "where reenactors in period costumes will lower a Union Jack and raise the Stars and Stripes in a symbolic reprise of what happened in 1783. British and French diplomats, along with others who had roles in the American colonies' struggle for independence," were invited to attend.[29][30][31][32]

Partial list of notable members





Many notable celebrities and public leaders in the United States have been members of the Sons of the Revolution.

They include the following persons:

Presidents of the United States

United States Senators

United States Representatives

Ambassadors

Other Government Officials

  • Governor of Maryland John Lee Carroll
  • U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Navy Charles H. Darling of Vermont[36]
  • U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York William Hayward of New York[36]
  • U.S. Attorney for the District of Connecticut Francis H. Parker of Connecticut[36]
  • U.S. Civil Service Commission Member William Gorham Rice of New York[36]
  • U.S. Consul Charles H. Delavan of New York[36]
  • U.S. Consul Augustin W. Ferrin of New York[36]
  • U.S. Consul Thomas H. Norton of New York[36]
  • U.S. Consul James R. Parsons Jr. of New York[36]
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit Judge J. Edward Lumbard of New York[36]
  • U.S. Federal Trade Commission Chairman Robert E. Freer of Ohio[36]
  • U.S. Panama Canal Zone Gov. Chester Harding of the District of Columbia[36]
  • U.S. Secretary of the Interior James Rudolph Garfield of California
  • U.S. Secretary of War John W. Weeks of Massachusetts
  • U.S. Solicitor General James M. Beck of Pennsylvania[36][37]
  • U.S. Treasurer Daniel Nash Morgan of Connecticut[36]

Military and Naval Officers

  • U.S. Admiral of the Navy George Dewey of Vermont
  • U.S. Commandant of the Marine Corps Gen. Charles C. Krulak of California
  • U.S. Commandant of the Marine Corps Col. Charles Grymes McCawley of the District of Columbia
  • U.S. Quartermaster General of the Army Charles G. Sawtelle of the District of Columbia
  • U.S. Navy Vice Admiral Howard Fithian Kingman of California
  • U.S. Army Maj. Gen. William Denison Whipple of New York[38]
  • U.S. Army Brig. Gen. and Medal of Honor recipient Richard Napoleon Batchelder of the District of Columbia
  • U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Morris Cooper Foote of New York
  • U.S. Marine Corps Brig. Gen. Green Clay Goodloe of the District of Columbia[38]
  • U.S. Army Brig. Gen. Lyman W.V. Kennon of Rhode Island
  • U.S. Marine Corps Brig. Gen. Charles L. McCawley of the District of Columbia
  • U.S. Army Brig. Gen. and Medal of Honor recipient Edmund Rice of Massachusetts
  • U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. and Academy Award-winning motion-picture actor James Stewart of California
  • U.S. Army Brevet Maj. Gen. Nicholas Longworth Anderson
  • U.S. Army Brevet Maj. Gen Harrison Gray Otis of California
  • U.S. Army Brevet Brig. Gen. DeLancey Floyd-Jones of New York
  • U.S. Army Col. Charles Greenlief Ayers of New York[38]
  • U.S. Army Col. J. Fulmer Bright of Virginia[36]
  • U.S. Army Col. Bibb Graves of Alabama[36]
  • U.S. Army Col. Lawrence D. Tyson of Tennessee[36]
  • U.S. Army Maj. Asa Bird Gardiner of New York
  • U.S. Army Maj. Pierre Christie Stevens of the District of Columbia
  • U.S. Army Brevet Maj. James Edward Carpenter of Pennsylvania[37]

Distinguished Citizens

See also

External links

  • General Society Sons of the Revolution
  • Fraunces Tavern
  • Fraunces Tavern Museum
  • Let Freedom Ring
  • Alabama Society
  • Arizona Society
  • California Society
  • Connecticut Society
  • Delaware Society
  • District of Columbia Society
  • Florida Society
  • Georgia Society
    • Gen. Nathanael Greene Chapter (Atlanta)
    • John DeVane Chapter (Athens, Ga.)
  • Illinois Society
  • Indiana Society
  • Kentucky Society
  • Louisiana Society
  • Maryland Society
  • Massachusetts Society
  • Michigan Society
  • Minnesota Society
  • Missouri Society
    • Kansas City Chapter (Kansas City, Mo.)
  • New Jersey Society
  • New York Society
  • North Carolina Society
  • Pennsylvania Society
    • Lancaster Chapter (Lancaster, Pa.)
  • Rhode Island Society
  • South Carolina Society
  • Tennessee Society
    • Chattanooga Chapter (Chattanooga, Tenn.)
    • Capt. Robert McFarland Chapter (Morristown, Tenn.)
    • John Rice Irwin-Anderson County Chapter (Norris, Tenn.)
    • Gen. John Sevier Chapter (Sevierville, Tenn.)
    • Evan Shelby Chapter (Bradley County, Tenn.)
    • Gen. Nathanael Greene Chapter (Greeneville, Tenn.)
    • Gideon Morgan Chapter (Kingston, Tenn.)
    • Gen. Henry Knox Chapter (Knoxville, Tenn.)
    • Gov. William Blount Chapter (Maryville, Tenn.)
    • Robert Donelson Chapter (Nashville, Tenn.)
  • Texas Society
  • Virginia Society
  • Washington Society
  • West Virginia Society
  • Wisconsin Society
  • Europe Society (France)
  • Mexico Society

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from iCloud eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.