World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Youth Liberation of Ann Arbor

Youth Liberation of Ann Arbor was an organization based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It existed from 1970 to 1979, and is often cited in more recent academic literature as one of the leading forerunners of several youth movements in the United States, including the youth rights movement, youth voice movement, and the youth media movement.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Publications 2
  • Manifesto 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The organization was founded by fifteen-year-old White Panther Party and the Human Rights Party.

In the Spring of 1971, its members successfully persuaded the Ann Arbor, Mich. city council to drop its curfew laws. During the 1971-1972 school year, student unions were started in many schools in the Ann Arbor area.[2]

In 1972, Youth Liberation's Sonia Yaco, a fifteen-year-old student, ran for the Ann Arbor School Board as a member of the local Human Rights Party. Regulations stipulated that only adults could run for school board, but Yaco's demands for a student voice in school governance earned her 1,300 votes as a write-in candidate, or eight percent of the total. Her campaign indirectly influenced the establishment of the experimental, alternative Community High School in Ann Arbor later that year.

Publications

The group's publications arm, the Youth Liberation Press, began in 1969 as a separate entity known as CHIPS (Chicago area High school Independent Press Service,) the acronym later changed to stand for Cooperative High school Independent Press Service, founded by John Schaller [3] based in Chicago, Illinois. The news service was created to provide articles and graphics for high school papers (both official and underground) as well as to young people in general. After a short stint from 1970-1972 in Houston, Texas, where the press began publishing FPS,[4] a news magazine for youth, the press moved to Ann Arbor and merged with Youth Liberation of Ann Arbor. An early issue of FPS lists its contributors as Liz Bell, Keith Hefner, Chuck Ream, John Schaller, and Sonia Yaco.[5] In addition to FPS (later Magazine of Young People's Liberation), the press put out several collections of essays in book and pamphlet format, including:

  • How to Start a High School Underground Newspaper (Chicago, IL: High School Independent Press, 1969).
  • Youth Liberation: News, Politics and Survival Information (Washington, NJ: Times Change Press, 1972).
  • High School Women's Liberation (Ann Arbor, MI: Youth Liberation Press, 1976).
  • A Youth Liberation Pamphlet (Ann Arbor, MI: Youth Liberation Press, 1977).
  • Growing Up Gay (Boston, MA: Carrier Pigeon, 1978).
  • Keith Hefner, Children's Rights Handbook (Ann Arbor, MI: Youth Liberation Press, 1979).

Manifesto

The group's manifesto was reprinted in The Children's Rights Movement: Overcoming the Oppression of Young People, edited by Beatrice and Ronald Gross (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1977), pp. 329–33.

YOUTH LIBERATION PROGRAM LIST OF WANTS -- "We must liberate ourselves from the death trip of corporate America."

1. We want the power to determine our own destiny.
2. We want the immediate end of adult chauvinism.
3. We want full civil and human rights.
4. We want the right to form our education according to our needs.
5. We want the freedom to form into communal families.
6. We want the end of male chauvinism and sexism.
7. We want the opportunity to create an authentic culture with institutions of our own making.
8. We want sexual self-determination. We believe all people must have the unhindered right to be heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, or transsexual.
9. We want the end of class antagonism among young people.
10. We want the end of racism and colonialism in the United States and the world.
11. We want freedom for all unjustly imprisoned people.
12. We want the right to be economically independent of adults.
13. We want the right to live in harmony with nature.
14. We want to rehumanize existence.
15. We want to develop communication and solidarity with the young people of the world in our common struggle for freedom and peace.

See also

References

  1. ^ Youth Liberation: News, Politics, and Survival Information Put Together by Youth Liberation of Ann Arbor. Washington, N.J., Times Change Press, 1972.
  2. ^ Youth Liberation, p. 8-9.
  3. ^ Youth Liberation, p. 9.
  4. ^ FPS is rumored to stand for "Fuck Public School," however its publishers claim that it does not officially stand for anything. Youth Liberation, p. 61.
  5. ^ FPS, February 7, 1972, issue.

External links

  • Mike Mosher, "Youth Liberation of Ann Arbor: Young, Gifted and Media-Savvy", Bad Subjects, no. 47 (January 2000).
  • Keith Hefner, "The Evolution of Youth Empowerment at a Youth Newspaper", originally published in Social-Policy, vol. 19, no. 1 (Summer 1988), pp. 21–24.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from iCloud eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.